Eastern New York Commercial Horticulture Enrollment

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  • Variety Evaluation
  • Market Development
  • Pest Management
  • Cultural Practices

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  • Educational Meetings & Conferences
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Chuck Bornt

Chuck Bornt

Team Leader, Extension Vegetable Specialist

CCE Rensselaer County
61 State Street
Troy, NY 12180

phone 518-272-4210 x125
cell 518-859-6213
fax 518-272-1648


Areas of Interest
Reduced Tillage, Production Systems, Pest ID and Control

Chuck BorntCrops
Cucumbers, Melons, Potatoes, Pumpkins / Gourds, Squash - Summer, Squash- Winter, Sweet Corn, Sweet Potatoes, Tomatoes

Background
Growing up on a vegetable farm in NY sparked Chuck Bornt's interest in all aspects of crop production. Chuck completed his undergraduate studies at SUNY Cobleskill and his master degree at the University of New Hampshire, Durham in Plant Biology. Chuck's experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Area Specialist began in 1998 in Western NY. His attention turned to vegetable production in the Capital Region in 2002. Today, Chuck spends much of his time with growers, determining the vegetable industry needs for research and educational outreach.
more crops
Apples

Apples

Apricots

Apricots

Asparagus

Asparagus

Beets

Beets

Blueberries

Blueberries

Broccoli

Broccoli

Brussels Sprouts

Brussels Sprouts

Cabbage

Cabbage

Carrots

Carrots

Cauliflower

Cauliflower

Cherries

Cherries

Cucumbers

Cucumbers

Dry Beans

Dry Beans

Eggplant

Eggplant

Ethnic Vegetables

Ethnic Vegetables

Garlic

Garlic

Grapes

Grapes

Horseradish

Horseradish

Kohlrabi

Kohlrabi

Leeks

Leeks

Lettuce / Leafy Greens

Lettuce / Leafy Greens

Melons

Melons

Nectarines

Nectarines

Onions

Onions

Parsnips

Parsnips

Peaches

Peaches

Pears

Pears

Peas

Peas

Peppers

Peppers

Plums

Plums

Potatoes

Potatoes

Pumpkins / Gourds

Pumpkins / Gourds

Radishes

Radishes

Raspberries / Blackberries

Raspberries / Blackberries

Rhubarb

Rhubarb

Rutabaga

Rutabaga

Snap Beans

Snap Beans

Squash - Summer

Squash - Summer

Squash- Winter

Squash- Winter

Strawberries

Strawberries

Sweet Corn

Sweet Corn

Sweet Potatoes

Sweet Potatoes

Tomatoes

Tomatoes

Turnips

Turnips

more crops
view calendar of events

Upcoming Events

Ag Business Tuesdays - Warren County

July 25, 2017
1.5 hour appts between 9:00am to 4:00pm
Warrensburgh, NY

Are you a farmer in Eastern New York with a question about the management side of your farm business? The Cornell Cooperative Extension Eastern NY Commercial Hort Team, in collaboration with CCE County offices, is offering free farm business technical assistance appointments this summer on Tuesdays at various locations in our service region. On Tuesday, July 25 from 9:00am-4:00pm we will be at CCE Warren County.
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Summer Grower Meeting

August 1, 2017
6:30- 8:00pm
Willsboro, NY

Topics will include:

Growing Red Bell Peppers and Cherry Tomatoes in High Tunnels
High Tunnel tomato fertility management
Updates on this year’s pests and disease challenges
Group discussion " bring your questions!

Speakers:

Judson Reid, Cornell Vegetable Program
Amy Ivy, Eastern NY Commercial Horticulture
Michael Davis, Cornell Willsboro Research Farm
 


view details

Berry Crops Field Workshop

August 29, 2017
5pm-7pm
Stephentown, NY

These workshops are directed at the commercial berry grower.
Monitoring for pests, designing an effective pest control program, understanding cultural and chemical SWD management strategies and general troubleshooting will all be part of this workshop.
There will be plenty of time for questions and discussion.
view details
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Announcements

Cucurbit Downy Mildew (CDM) Indentified

Please be aware that Cucurbit Downy Mildew (CDM) has been identified today (Tuesday, July 18 2017) in the Mid- Hudson Valley, specifically Dutchess County. This is a fast moving and very destructive disease as windblown spores from this infection site are a primary source of infection for other cucurbit plantings in the area. Spores are easily dispersed long distances. All cucurbit types may be affected, with cucumbers being the most sensitive followed by melons. According to the CDM forecasting program, southern NY was included in the areas with a "high risk" of spore deposition and infection back on July 7th , 11th and 13th, so with the weather conditions we've had symptom development is pretty much on target (7-10 days). CDM Forecasting model can be accessed at: http://cdm.ipmpipe.org/ Please note that we had a moderate risk yesterday with a low risk for spread today (Tuesday).

If you are in the Hudson Valley or another high risk area, now is the time to apply mobile (systemic, translaminar) fungicides with an active ingredient that specifically targets DM. For conventional growers I have seen where a tank mix of Curzate plus Ranman or Zampro plus a protectant like chlorothalonil (Bravo, Initiate etc.) has done a very good job. Curzate provides some kickback or burnout activity but does not have much residual which is why it needs to be tank mixed with a second mobile fungicide or another application needs to be made 3-4 days later. Mobile fungicides are needed to control the disease from developing on the UNDERSIDE of the leaf. Fungicides should be re-applied according to disease severity and label instructions (keep pre harvest intervals in mind, maximum use rates and please rotate chemical classes using the FRAC codes found on all the labels. More information including risks forecasts and fungicide recommendations can also be found in the CCE ENYCHP Weekly Vegetable Updates

According to Cornell Pathologists Margaret McGrath, one of the better organic products evaluated is Timorex Gold (Tea Tree oil) and is labeled in NYS (click the name to see a copy of the label). See label for the rates and note that there is a 48-hour re-entry interval and do not apply within 48 hours of harvesting. Do not spray during the warm hours of the day and in hot seasons with temperatures above 95F (35C) and Do not apply this product through any type of irrigation system. Alternate with copper every 5-7 days.

If you suspect CDM please contact your local CCE ENYCHP educator for confirmation and help in establishing a treatment plan.


More information can be found on Cornell Pathologists Margaret McGrath's bulletin on "Effectively Managing Cucurbit Downy Mildew in NY in 2017 "for details. http://vegetablemdonline.ppath.cornell.edu/NewsArticles/Cucurbit%20Downy%20Mildew%20MGT-NY-2017-McGrath.pdf

Growers looking for information on OMRI/ organic approved products for downy mildew please see: "Biopesticides for Managing Cucurbit Crop Diseases Organically" also complied by Margaret McGrath.
https://blogs.cornell.edu/livegpath/files/2015/04/Biopesticides_Veg-Diseases_2017-cucurbits-McGrath-1hj8dln.pdf

Also see, "Efficacy of Organic Fungicides for Vegetable Diseases." Found at:
https://blogs.cornell.edu/livegpath/files/2015/04/Organic-Fungicides-Veg-Crops-Herbs-Efficacy-results_McGrath-27wvlfe.pdf




Welcome Jim Meyers: New Viticulture Specialist!

Jim has been working with wine grapes for 10 years, first as a Viticulture Ph.D. student at Cornell then as a Research Associate. Prior to coming to Cornell, Jim studied Chemistry and Biology (B.S. West Chester University of Pennsylvania), Computer Science (M.S. Brown University), and had a successful career as software technology entrepreneur. This background is reflected in his viticultural research which has focused on computational tools for mapping canopy and vineyard variability, quantifying relationships between variability and fruit chemistry, and optimizing efficiency of vineyard operations. As an Extension Associate, Jim will continue some of these research activities while also looking for new projects that provide targeted benefits to appellations in Eastern New York. Jim will kick off his new appointment by visiting growers at their vineyards to gather first hand knowledge of the sites and to discuss vineyard operations, goals, and challenges. Building a complete catalog of vineyards in a territory that runs 300 miles along the Route 9 corridor may take a little while, but Jim feels that the effort will lay a solid foundation for future program activities while also clearly differentiating the needs of each appellation.


New Resources for Berry Crops

Berry Crop Diagnostics Tool - Much information exists on controlling plant pests and problems, but one must first identify the cause before intervention can occur. This diagnostic tool was developed to assist the student, grower, and extension educator in identifying potential causes of plant problems in berry crops

Cornell Berries YouTube Channel - Webinars and other videos that support our commercial berry production Extension and outreach

Coming soon: New NEWA berry pest forecasting tools


White Rot Update

NOW AVAILABLE: White Rot Fact Sheet: Click Here

Earlier in June I sent a garlic sample to the diagnostic lab hoping that I was wrong. The sample was covered in small black sclerotia, the size of poppy seeds, and white fungal hyphae crept up the stem. The results, unfortunately, matched the field diagnosis: White Rot. Within a couple days additional calls came from up and down the Hudson Valley as well as one in Western NY with similar suspicions. These samples have also gone to the lab for verification, but it looks like the latest pest to move back into the state is this nasty fungus. 

White Rot, Sclerotinia cepivorum, decimated the onion industry in New York in the 1930's before being eradicated through careful management. More recently, in 2003, it infected 10,000 acres of garlic in California, leading to the abandonment of some garlic fields and adoption of strict containment rules. White rot has been confirmed in Northeastern states over the last decade as well, with New York being one of the last to discover the disease.

The primary reason that White Rot is such a concern is because the sclerotia, or reproductive structures, can remain dormant in the soil for up to 40 years, attacking any allium crop planted into the soil under favorable conditions. This spring was ideal for infection due to the period of cool, moist weather we had. Optimal temperature for infection is 60-65 degrees F, but infection can occur anywhere from 50-75 degrees F.
Once garlic has white rot, it generally declines rapidly. Leaves will yellow and the plant will wilt, not unlike a severe fusarium infection. However, unlike with fusarium, white rot infected bulbs are covered in black sclerotia and white fungus. To add to the confusion, another disease CAN look similar. Botrytis also causes black sclerotia and white fungal growth. However, Botrytis sclerotia are quite large, often larger than a pencil eraser.

So, what do we do now? We're still working on long-term management strategies, but the most important steps to take now are vigilance when culling (look at the plants you are pulling for symptoms like you see in this article, and if they are present, call us to take a sample and have the disease verified) and, if you see anything suspicious, reduction of movement of inoculum. The main ways diseases get moved around are by dumping culls (compost, field edges, etc) and my moving soil on equipment. Throw away your culls, and wash equipment that may have come in contact with suspicious garlic or the soil it is growing in. Everything from cultivation equipment to harvest bins should be cleaned. 

We will keep learning about this disease and will keep sending out information, particularly to help you make decisions about what to sell and buy. For now, remember that the west coast has learned to manage the disease, and we will too. -Crystal Stewart, ENYCHP




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