Eastern New York Commercial Horticulture Enrollment

Program Areas

  • Food Safety
  • Variety Evaluation
  • Market Development
  • Pest Management
  • Cultural Practices

Enrollment Benefits

  • Telephone / Email Consultations
  • Newsletter
  • Direct Mailings
  • Educational Meetings & Conferences
  • In-Field Educational Opportunities
  • On-Farm Research Trials

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Lettuce / Leafy Greens

Lettuce / Leafy Greens Two dozen or more types of leafy greens are grown in New York, primarily for fresh market production.   According to the 2007 Census of Agriculture, 224 New York farms produced 1,398 acres of lettuce. Leaf lettuce is the most widely grown with 758 acres, followed by 381 acres of head lettuce and 260 acres of romaine lettuce. Lettuce is grown for local sales as well as large wholesale markets in the Northeastern, US.

Other popular greens are spinach (247 acres), collards (96 acres), escarole & endive (75 acres), kale (57 acres), mustard greens (36 acres) and turnip greens (16 acres). Additional types for which no statistical information is available include:  arugula, beet greens, bok choy, dandelion greens, radiccho, rapini, swiss chard and watercress.

Field-grown greens are available beginning from May through mid-October (depending on the type). However, the season can be extended by growing in tunnels protected from harsh winter temperatures. 

Relevant Event

Apple Leafcurling Midge IPM Webinar

Event Offers DEC Credits

February 16, 2023

Introduction to Winter Growing Webinar

Elisabeth Hodgdon, Vegetable Specialist
Eastern New York Commercial Horticulture

Last Modified: January 6, 2020
Introduction to Winter Growing Webinar

This webinar introduces the basics of how to grow vegetables during winter using a high tunnel.  


2019 Romaine Lettuce Summer Variety Trial

Crystal Stewart-Courtens, Extension Vegetable Specialist
Eastern New York Commercial Horticulture

Last Modified: December 3, 2019
2019 Romaine Lettuce Summer Variety Trial

This year's lettuce variety trial was conducted at Philia Farm in Johnstown, NY. The main goal of the trial was to evaluate romaine varieties to see which would perform well in hot summer conditions. We had one successful planting this summer and this is the full report on the varieties. 


Optimizing Nitrogen Fertility for Overwintered High Tunnel Spinach

Elisabeth Hodgdon, Vegetable Specialist
Eastern New York Commercial Horticulture

Last Modified: August 27, 2019
Optimizing Nitrogen Fertility for Overwintered High Tunnel Spinach

This is a report on our 2018-2019 high tunnel spinach nitrogen trial.


2017 and 2018 Lettuce Variety Trial Results

Crystal Stewart-Courtens, Extension Vegetable Specialist
Eastern New York Commercial Horticulture

Last Modified: January 17, 2019
2017 and 2018 Lettuce Variety Trial Results

During the past two seasons we conducted trials of primarily Romaine lettuces to determine heat tolerance as measured by bolting and bitterness. Our trials were located at Pleasant Valley Farm in Washington County. During 2017 we planted three successions. One seeding failed due to a greenhouse malfunction; the other two were transplanted in mid-June and early August, about three weeks after seeding. In 2018 we seeded successions on March 28th, July 15th, and August 1st, all of which yielded good harvests.  These trials are more observational than research oriented, and included only one replication per planting.  


2018 Summer Romaine Lettuce Variety Trial

Crystal Stewart-Courtens, Extension Vegetable Specialist
Eastern New York Commercial Horticulture

Last Modified: December 18, 2018
2018 Summer Romaine Lettuce Variety Trial

This year's lettuce variety trial was conducted at Pleasant Valley Farm in Argyle, NY. The main goal of the trial was to evaluate romaine varieties to see which would perform well in hot summer conditions. We had three plantings over the summer. This report summarizes all information collected from the trial.

 


Recording of High Tunnel Veg Research Webinar 11/29/18

Amy Ivy, Vegetable Specialist
Eastern New York Commercial Horticulture

Last Modified: November 29, 2018
Recording of High Tunnel Veg Research Webinar 11/29/18

This is a recording of an hour long webinar held by Amy Ivy of the Eastern NY Commercial Horticulture Program, Judson Reid of the Cornell Vegetable Program and Mike Davis of the Cornell University Willsboro Research Farm on Nov 29, 2018.

A copy of the PowerPoint is included in the 'read details' section below. With funding from the Northern NY Agricultural Development Program.


Impact of Minimal Supplemental Heating on Winter High Tunnel Greens

Ethan Grundberg, Vegetable Specialist
Eastern New York Commercial Horticulture

Last Modified: November 2, 2018
Impact of Minimal Supplemental Heating on Winter High Tunnel Greens

With support from a Northeast Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education program (NE SARE) Partnership Grant (ONE17-298) and the generous cooperation of the Poughkeepsie Farm Project (PFP), I spent much of last winter gathering data from a side by side comparative trial assessing the impact of minimal heating in winter greens production. Specifically, we tracked yield, soil nitrate availability, total plant nitrogen uptake, propane use, and soil temperature all winter in the two identical side-by-side 42'x196' double layer inflated poly Harnois high tunnels at PFP. The only deliberately manipulated variable between the two tunnels was the minimum thermostat setting: one tunnel was set to 33° F ambient air temperature and the other set to 40° F. 


2018 Lettuce Variety Trial First Planting Results

Crystal Stewart-Courtens, Extension Vegetable Specialist
Eastern New York Commercial Horticulture

Last Modified: August 21, 2018
2018 Lettuce Variety Trial First Planting Results

This year's lettuce variety trial was conducted at Pleasant Valley Farm in Argyle, NY. It was planted on May 28th, and harvested August 1st. The main goal of the trial was to evaluate romaine varieties to see which would perform well in hot summer conditions and there were 17 days above 85 degrees. 


2018 Eastern New York Fruit & Vegetable Conference Vegetable Presentations

Last Modified: April 2, 2018
2018 Eastern New York Fruit & Vegetable Conference Vegetable Presentations

Presentations from the 2018 ENYCHP Eastern New York Fruit & Vegetable Conference held February 20th and 21st for the vegetable sections. 

2017 Lettuce Variety Trial

Last Modified: March 29, 2018
2017 Lettuce Variety Trial

See photos and data of the lettuce varieties grown in the 2017 variety trial in Washington County, NY

Organic Production Guides

Robert Hadad, Extension Vegetable Specialist
Cornell Vegetable Program

Last Modified: July 17, 2017
Organic Production Guides

Organic Production Guides for fruits, vegetables and dairy are available through the NYS Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program. They outline general practices for growing vegetable and fruit crops using organic integrated pest management techniques.

Ethnic Greens Trial, 2012

Robert Hadad, Extension Vegetable Specialist
Cornell Vegetable Program

Last Modified: January 23, 2013
Ethnic Greens Trial, 2012

Interest in growing ethnic vegetables has been increasing in our region. In response, the Cornell Vegetable Program conducted a two-year ethnic vegetable variety and marketing trial. The focus of the trial was to see how well assortments of vegetables that represent some different nationalities perform in WNY under our wildly fluctuating weather conditions and also to see how growers can market these new vegetables, how customers respond to them at the market, and what is needed to reach targeted communities perhaps. Funding was provided by the Western NY CCE Association group.


more crops
Apples

Apples

Apricots

Apricots

Asparagus

Asparagus

Beets

Beets

Blueberries

Blueberries

Broccoli

Broccoli

Brussels Sprouts

Brussels Sprouts

Cabbage

Cabbage

Carrots

Carrots

Cauliflower

Cauliflower

Cherries

Cherries

Cucumbers

Cucumbers

Dry Beans

Dry Beans

Eggplant

Eggplant

Ethnic Vegetables

Ethnic Vegetables

Garlic

Garlic

Grapes

Grapes

Horseradish

Horseradish

Kohlrabi

Kohlrabi

Leeks

Leeks

Lettuce / Leafy Greens

Lettuce / Leafy Greens

Melons

Melons

Nectarines

Nectarines

Onions

Onions

Parsnips

Parsnips

Peaches

Peaches

Pears

Pears

Peas

Peas

Peppers

Peppers

Plums

Plums

Potatoes

Potatoes

Pumpkins / Gourds

Pumpkins / Gourds

Radishes

Radishes

Raspberries / Blackberries

Raspberries / Blackberries

Rhubarb

Rhubarb

Rutabaga

Rutabaga

Snap Beans

Snap Beans

Squash - Summer

Squash - Summer

Squash- Winter

Squash- Winter

Strawberries

Strawberries

Sweet Corn

Sweet Corn

Sweet Potatoes

Sweet Potatoes

Tomatoes

Tomatoes

Turnips

Turnips

more crops

Upcoming Events

SAVE THE DATES

December 13 - December 15, 2022February 2 - February 8, 2023February 21 - February 23, 2023

Save the Dates for the following Winter Meetings:

  • NOFA NY Virtual Winter Conference, February 2-5, 2023
  • Empire State Expo, Oncenter Syracuse, February 6-7 2023
  • Becker Forum, Oncenter Syracuse, February 8, 2023
  • Eastern NY Commercial Horticulture Program Regional Winter Meeting, The Desmond Hotel, Albany, February 21-23, 2023 

How Profitable Will My New Orchard Investment Be? 1-day, hands-on skills class in the Hudson Valley

February 7, 2023
Highland, NY

The Eastern NY Commercial Hort Team and the Lake Ontario Fruit Team are offering a 1-day, hands-on course for tree fruit farms on using farm financial information and other resources to make decisions about long-term investments or changes to their business.  We will apply the techniques covered in the 8-part webinar series in December to scenarios using sample financial data from fruit farms in NYS.  You will work with others in a group through a series of problems and leave with a better sense of how you can organize and interpret your own financial information to make better long-term investment decisions about your farm business.  THIS SESSION IS AT THE CORNELL HUDSON VALLEY LAB 

How Profitable Will My New Orchard Investment Be? 1-day, hands-on skills class in Northern NY

February 9, 2023
Plattsburgh, NY

The Eastern NY Commercial Hort Team and the Lake Ontario Fruit Team are offering a 1-day, hands-on course for tree fruit farms on using farm financial information and other resources to make decisions about long-term investments or changes to their business.  We will apply the techniques covered in the 8-part webinar series in December to scenarios using sample financial data from fruit farms in NYS.  You will work with others in a group through a series of problems and leave with a better sense of how you can organize and interpret your own financial information to make better long-term investment decisions about your farm business.  THIS SESSION IS AT THE CCE CLINTON COUNTY OFFICE

Announcements

2023 CCE ENYCHP Fruit & Vegetable Conference

We are back in-person after three years with two full days of informative sessions, many of which will offer DEC credits. (Scroll down to the bottom and click the link to see the full program!)

Program Overview:
Wednesday, February 22, 2023:

Tree Fruit Sessions, King Street Ballroom 9:00 am - 3:50 pm
Small Fruit Sessions, Shaker Room 9:20 am - 3:30 pm
Vegetable Sessions, Town Hall 9:15 am - 3:50 pm
Join us after the sessions for our Trade Show Social held in the Fort Orange Courtyard.

Thursday, February 23, 2023

Tree Fruit Session, King Street Ballroom Rooms 2 & 4 8:30 am - 12:00 pm
Vegetable Sessions, King Street Ballroom Rooms 6 & 8 9:15 am - 3:00 pm
Grape Session, Shaker Room 9:00 am - 11:45 am

Tuesday, February 21, 2023 - Pre-Conference Produce Safety Alliance Grower Training Course, Town Hall 8:15 am - 5:00 pm.  Participants will only be eligible for the PSA/AFDO Certificate of Course Completion if they are present for all modules of the course.

NYS DEC Pesticide Recertification Credits have been applied for! As soon as we hear back from DEC we will post the credits for each session that was eligible!




ENYCHP Public Events Calendar



2022 Spotted Wing Drosophila Monitoring/Management

All berry farmers are watching for monitoring reports that indicate Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) adults are in their region. Mid-season berry crops should be sprayed as soon as berries begin to ripen unless you've elected to use insect exclusion netting.

- For general information about SWD, and to enroll for free monitoring reports, visit the Cornell SWD blog https://blogs.cornell.edu/swd1/.
- Click here for the 2022 Quick Guide for Pesticide Management.
- For some great instructional videos and fact sheets on insect exclusion netting, visit the University of Vermont's Ag Engineering blog.


Resources from CCE ENYCHP!

We are developing new ways to connect with the CCE ENYCHP team this year! We have a Youtube page located at this link. Check out videos on Table Grape Production, Pest Updates and the 20 Minute Ag Manager - in 4 Minutes series

We have a Facebook Page here as well as an Instagram page. We keep these places updated with current projects, events, and other interesting articles and deadlines.

There are also text alerts available. Fruit and vegetable farmers in 17 Eastern NY counties can now receive real time alerts on high risk disease and pest outbreaks texted directly to their cell phone. The Eastern NY Commercial Horticulture program, which is supported by local Cornell Cooperative Extension associations, will now offer text alerts to those that enroll in our program in 2019. 

The text alerts will be reserved for important crop alerts that could impact management decisions immediately. For instance, if there were an outbreak of Late Blight in the area, this would be transmitted to vegetable growers.

Farmers can choose the crop for which they wish to receive updates. Additionally they can request that Ag Business Alerts be sent to them. These alerts might include due dates for crop insurance deadlines, market opportunities etc.

If you have questions, please contact enychp@cornell.edu


Podcasts

Winter Greens Grower Interviews in Northern New York

October 22, 2022
In this episode, vegetable specialist Elisabeth Hodgdon interviews Lindsey Pashow, ag business development and marketing specialist with the Cornell Cooperative Extension Harvest New York team. They discuss findings from a series of interviews with winter greens producers in northern New York. Lindsey shares production and marketing challenges associated with growing winter greens in this cold and rural part of the state, success stories and advice from growers, and tips for those interested in adding new crop enterprises to their operation.

Funding for this project was provided by the Northern New York Agricultural Development Program. The episode was edited by Miles Todaro of the ENYCHP team.

Resources:
• Crop enterprise budget resources available from Penn State Extension (field and tunnel vegetables: https://extension.psu.edu/small-scale-field-grown-and-season-extension-budgets), UMass Extension (winter spinach budgets: https://ag.umass.edu/vegetable/outreach-project/improving-production-yield-of-winter-greens-in-northeast and field vegetables: https://ag.umass.edu/vegetable/fact-sheets/crop-production-budgets), and Cornell Cooperative Extension (high tunnel vegetables: https://blogs.cornell.edu/hightunnels/economics/sample-budgets-spreadsheets/). Use these budgets as templates when developing your own crop enterprise budget.
• The Organic Farmer’s Business Handbook, by Richard Wiswall
• The Winter Harvest Handbook, by Eliot Coleman

For questions about the winter greens project discussed in this podcast, reach out to Lindsey Pashow (lep67@cornell.edu) or Elisabeth Hodgdon(eh528@cornell.edu).

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