Eastern New York Commercial Horticulture Enrollment

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Peaches

Peaches The cultivation of peaches began in China as early as 2000 B.C. The cultivation of peaches continued through the old world and was transported to the America’s where peach cultivation thrived on the east coast. By the mid-1700s, peaches were so plentiful in the United States that botanists thought of them as native fruits. Currently California, South Carolina, Georgia and New Jersey account for three quarters of U.S. peach production. New York grows over 2000 acres of peaches with more than a quarter of that located in the eastern portion of the state.

There are two types of peaches, clingstone and freestone. With clingstone peaches, the flesh “clings” to the "stone" (the pit) of the peach, making it difficult to separate. As Clingstone varieties retain their flavor and texture during processing, they are more suitable to canning and value added products.
The pit of freestone peaches separates from the flesh, making it ideal for fresh consumption. Freestone peaches are generally larger than clingstones with a firmer, less juicy texture. While most commonly eaten fresh, these peaches may also be frozen and dried.

Annual per person consumption of peaches in the United States peaked at 13 pounds in the early 1970s. By 2008 annual consumption had dropped to 8.8 pounds per person. Consumer research conducted in the mid-2000s revealed buyer frustration with mealy textures, fruit browning and lack of sweetness. This frustration has actually helped improve demand for local, NY produced peaches as there is simply nothing like a tree-ripened peach.

Over the last 20 years, Cornell research and extension projects have helped growers increase yields and fruit quality by increasing tree densities and improving labor efficiency. We estimate that profitability of new high density orchards is 100 to 300% greater than the traditional low-density orchards. For more information about tree fruit production, please visit the Cornell Tree Fruit website at http://www.fruit.cornell.edu/tree_fruit/index.htm.

Most Recent Peaches Content

2018 Eastern New York Fruit & Vegetable Conference Tree Fruit Presentations

Last Modified: April 6, 2018
2018 Eastern New York Fruit & Vegetable Conference Tree Fruit Presentations

Presentations from the 2018 ENYCHP Eastern New York Fruit & Vegetable Conference held February 20th and 21st for the tree fruit sections.

2017 Winter Tree Fruit School Presentations

Anna Wallis, Tree Fruit and Grape Specialist
Eastern New York Commercial Horticulture

Last Modified: February 16, 2017

Presentations given at the 2017 Eastern NY Commercial Tree Fruit Schools are available by clicking on the following links.  

Presentations - 2016 Winter Tree Fruit Schools

Sarah Rohwer, Field Technician
Eastern New York Commercial Horticulture

Last Modified: February 22, 2016

Presentations given at the 2016 Commercial Tree Fruit Schools in Lake George (LG) and Kingston in the Hudson Valley (HV) are available by clicking on the following links.


More Peaches Content

New fungicides labeled for use in tree fruit - all Special Local Needs Labels
The Commercial Storage of Fruits, Vegetables, and Florist and Nursery Stocks
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Upcoming Events

20 Minute Ag Manager Webinars: Basic Farm Finances (Pt.III)

May 29, 2018
12-12:30 PM

Understanding Assets and Liabilities vs Income and Expenses

Part of a 20 minute lunchtime webinar series held on Tuesdays this summer covering farm business management topics.  
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20 Minute Ag Manager Webinars: NYS Ag Assessment 101

June 5, 2018
12-12:30 PM

20 minute lunchtime webinars will be held on Tuesdays this summer covering farm business management topics.
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20 Minute Ag Manager Webinars: Local Zoning 101

June 12, 2018
12-12:30 PM

20 minute lunchtime webinars will be held on Tuesdays this summer covering farm business management topics.  
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Announcements

Weed Management in Strawberries - Video

Dr. Bryan Brown, Integrated Weed Management Specialist with the New York State Integrated Pest Management Program, begins by discussing general weed management principles, then reviews the weed control recommendations of the Cornell Pest Management Guidelines for Berry Crops, and finishes with a case study of Shenk Berry Farm.

This was recorded at the 2018 ENYCHP Eastern New York Fruit & Vegetable Conference held February 20th and 21st. 

Check out the link on Youtube here.


Confused by the WPS (Worker Protection Standard)?

Please take note: WPS pertains to all farms-organic and conventional!  To be sure that you are complying with these regulations, please view the EPA link below:
https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-09/documents/comparison-chart-wps.pdf

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