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Cucurbit Downy Mildew Update

Chuck Bornt, Team Leader, Extension Vegetable Specialist
Eastern New York Commercial Horticulture

July 25, 2018

As you may remember, a couple weeks ago Cucurbit Downy Mildew (CDM) was found in New Jersey and up until this week, most of eastern NY was under "low risk" of spores blowing in.  However, as you can see in the image from the CDM Forecasting System, the case for making sure you have fungicide coverage on all your cucurbits (especially cucumbers!) is all the more important! 

According to the forecast, eastern NY is under a "HIGH Risk"!  Regional Weather: Southeast / mid-Atlantic U.S: Rainy through the East Coast states. A stalled front in the East will be joined by a cold front moving in from the central U.S. Strong moisture feed from the south ensures more clouds and rain through mid-week. Some drying may occur from the west on Thursday. Highs in the 80s to low 90s, lows in the 60s and 70s.Overview: Epidemic spread likely in the East. Transport events move near-source and ... north / NW (Tuesday), north / NE (Wednesday), and northeast (Thursday). Conditions are favorable during a very large number of these events.  The last couple of years this program was been pretty accurate when it comes to determining when we saw our first CDM.  Usually within a week or so we were able to find CDM within the region.  This coupled with the current weather pattern is CDM's dream come true. 

Remember that cucumbers tend to be the crop most affected by this particular strain.  Look for yellow spots on the upper leaf sides on new growth and a grey/purple fuzz on the underside of the leaf where those yellow spots are located (Figure 2) - early morning under dewy conditions is the best time to find the fuzz on the undersides. For symptoms on other cucurbits go to http://cdm.ipmpipe.org/node/22 

 So what's this all mean?  It means that it is highly likely CDM is or will be moved into our region and your plants have been exposed to CDM spores.  If you haven't started your DM fungicide program it's time to start!  I've put together a list of fungicides labeled for CDM in Table 1.  The good news, if there is any, is that conventional growers have a new fungicide labeled this year for use that is highly effective on CDM call Orondis.  The active ingredient in Orondis is oxathiapiprolin and is the first in a new chemical group (FRAC code 49, previously U15).  It is highly effective for diseases caused by oomycetes (downy mildews, late blight and phytophthora blight).   

However there a few things to know.  First, there are three formulations of Orondis on the market:  Orondis Gold, Orondis Opti and Orondis Ultra.  Orondis Gold is labeled for soil applications and if it was used at planting, no foliar applications of Orondis are allowed!   If you did not use Orondis Gold, the other two formulations are labeled for foliar applications but again there are some differences.  First, Orondis Opti also contains chlorothalonil so if you use this one you will not have to add extra protectant.  However, for cucurbits it only has CDM on the label.  Orondis Ultra also contains mandipropamid the active ingredient in Revus and has CDM and Phytophthora blight on the label!  It would also need to have a protectant such as chlorthanonil or copper mixed in with it.  Additionally, for resistance management, no more than 2 consecutive applications of any Orondis fungicide are allowed; next application must be a fungicide that does not contain a code 49 active ingredient and also a code 40 when Orondis Ultra is used.  When at least 3 applications will be made, Orondis fungicides can be no more than 33% of the applications, or a maximum of 4 applications per planting, whichever is fewer.

Orondis Ultra or Opti are the first go to products, but if you suspect CDM and you don't have or can't get ahold of an Orondis product, my first choice would probably be Curzate or Tanos (as they have some kickback activity) but are short lived so it needs to be mixed with a protectant such as chlorothalonil and another translaminar fungicide such as Ranman, Zampro etc.  Please remember to rotate your fungicides!   I have given you the FRAC codes to help determine the different classes they belong too—do not apply products or pre-mix products from the same FRAC code back to back.  If possible, switch to a different one.  Please note that Previcur Flex and Presidio are no longer being recommend for CDM!

Organic options for DM:  There are a number of organic materials labeled for Downy mildew, but for the most part many of them have not shown very good efficacy in most trials.  If applied before the disease is started copper remains one of the better choices.  Other options include Double Nickel 55 Biofungicide, Regalia Biofungicide, Actinovate AG and OxiDate 2.0.





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Upcoming Events

Berry Production Twilight Meeting

Event Offers DEC Credits

July 8, 2021
Peru, NY

Rulf's Orchard, 531 Bear Swamp Road, Peru, NY 

Many berry topics will be discussed including growing Juneberries (Amelanchier, not strawberries), using entomopathogenic nematodes to control strawberry root pests, low tunnel production in June bearing strawberries, SWD monitoring and management. 2.5 DEC pesticide recertification credits available in categories 1A, 10, 22, and 23. Contact Elisabeth Hodgdon (eh528@cornell.edu or 518-650-5323) or Laura McDermott (lgm4@cornell.edu or 518-746-2562) with questions.

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Announcements

U-Pick Farm Practices During Covid-19 Pandemic

U-Pick is a critical direct marketing approach for many of our farms and provides
customers with a unique connection to fresh produce grown close to home. In light
of what we understand about the spread of COVID-19, new management practices
will be needed to protect your farm team and your customers. This document
provides recommended practices and communication strategies for U-Pick
operations for the 2020 season.

https://rvpadmin.cce.cornell.edu/uploads/doc_864.pdf

Growers-are you running low on fall pumpkins, etc?

The Produce Auctions located around the state may have what you need.  Check out all of the opportunities here: https://harvestny.cce.cornell.edu/submission.php?id=4

Resources from CCE ENYCHP!

We are developing new ways to connect with the CCE ENYCHP team this year! We have a Youtube page located at this link. Check out videos on Table Grape Production, Pest Updates and the 20 Minute Ag Manager - in 4 Minutes series

We have a Facebook Page here as well as an Instagram page. We keep these places updated with current projects, events, and other interesting articles and deadlines.

There are also text alerts available. Fruit and vegetable farmers in 17 Eastern NY counties can now receive real time alerts on high risk disease and pest outbreaks texted directly to their cell phone. The Eastern NY Commercial Horticulture program, which is supported by local Cornell Cooperative Extension associations, will now offer text alerts to those that enroll in our program in 2019. 

The text alerts will be reserved for important crop alerts that could impact management decisions immediately. For instance, if there were an outbreak of Late Blight in the area, this would be transmitted to vegetable growers.

Farmers can choose the crop for which they wish to receive updates. Additionally they can request that Ag Business Alerts be sent to them. These alerts might include due dates for crop insurance deadlines, market opportunities etc.

If you have questions, please contact enychp@cornell.edu


Podcasts

“Understanding Fungicide Resistance and How to Avoid It” with Dr. Margaret McGrath

June 16, 2021
ENYCHP Veg News Farm and Field Updates with Teresa Rusinek
“Understanding Fungicide Resistance and How to Avoid It” with Dr. Margaret McGrath of Cornell University
In this this podcast ENYCHP vegetable specialist Teresa Rusinek interviews Dr. Margaret McGrath, of Cornell University School of Integrative Plant Science, to discuss the development of fungicide resistance in plant pathogens and steps growers can take to avoid it.
Resources:
https://www.vegetables.cornell.edu/pest-management/disease-factsheets/general-guidelines-for-managing-fungicide-resistance/
Vegetable Pathology – Long Island Horticultural Research & Extension Center (cornell.edu)
The Cucurbit Downy Mildew Forecast Homepage
https://cdm.ipmpipe.org/

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