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Spotted Winged Drosophila found locally and throughout New York and New England

Laura McDermott, Team Leader, Small Fruit and Vegetable Specialist
Eastern New York Commercial Horticulture

August 7, 2012

Spotted Winged Drosophila found locally and throughout New York and New England

Last week and early this week scouts throughout the state have reported finding SWD in vinegar traps or through other monitoring methods. These findings have been very small as far as numbers of individuals, but extension specialists in New England are warning that fruit fly numbers balloon quickly from initial sighting to infestation levels. Counties that have reported SWD catches include Albany, Columbia, Monroe, Orange, Orleans, Tompkins and Ulster counties.  Similar findings have been reported in Connecticut, Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts and Pennsylvania throughout the early summer.  In light of these findings, blueberry, summer and fall raspberry and day-nuetral strawberry growers are urged to be vigilant about this pest.

 
Monitor for SWD- There are two basic strategies to monitor for SWD- trapping adult flies and monitoring fruit for larval infestation. To trap adult flies, you can use a clear plastic cup with a removable lid and poke several small holes (literature reports that you should use a drill bit of 0.1875 inch) 3" up from bottom all around the cup. Pour 2" of apple cider vinegar (studies have also tested sake, but the vinegar seems to work the best) into the cup. A drop of liquid soap helps break the surface tension so that the flies will sink.  Use a sturdy wire or plastic zip tie to hang the trap at the fruiting level of the canopy on the shaded side.  Ideally this should be done prior to fruit coloring. A minimum of three traps should be placed in a crop and the traps should be cleaned and checked weekly. Some traps use yellow sticky cards that are suspended above the vinegar. This may be helpful as you learn to ID the insect. To ID the submerged flies, you will need to strain vinegar through a fine filter. SWD males are MUCH easier than females to ID as they have the spotted wings. Female flies do not have spots on the wings and are IDed by looking at the ovipositor which is quite prominent in SWD. There are many fruit flies that may be drawn to the vinegar trap, so if you have insects in the vinegar, don't panic. For more information about
making your own traps, check out: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_DX9K8e6ra8

Managing SWD in Berry Crops
When to pull the trigger will be the trickiest decision for most growers. Anecdotally, extension researchers with just one season of experience are suggesting that growers not wait until they see large numbers of SWD in vinegar traps. This is because apple cider vinegar traps do not seem to be good early indicators of SWD.  In fact, most folks have been able to find larvae in fruit at close to the same time they are catching adults in the traps. Yeast traps, which are much tricker to see the flies in, have been shown to be much better lures, and some folks have suggested adding cheap wine to the apple cider to increase the potency of the phenol given off. 

Once you do decide to spray, the interval will depend on the materials you choose. In fall raspberries, a Malathion (used for control of Japanese Beetle 1 DTH, 12 hr REI) and Delegate (1 DTH and 4 hr REI)  rotation on a 7-10 day cycle should provide adequate control if you start early enough.  Spiking the mixture with a sugar solution of 1 lb of sugar per 100 gallons may help lure fruit flies into sprayed crop.  Other labeled materials include Molt-X and Entrust. For organic growers, Entrust should be used in rotation with Pyganic, but Entrust will provide the most efficacy. The spray program for organic growers needs to be closer to 5days to insure control.

For day neutral strawberry growers, materials used for tarnished plant bugs should help knock back SWD, and the use of sugar in the tank might improve the efficacy of the product for SWD.  AzaSol is labeled for SWD. Aza-Direct, another formulation of azadiractin, is OMRI approved as is Pyganic. The azadirachtin materials have 4 hours REI. Pyganic has 12 hours.

The cultural aspects of controlling these pests include picking the crop VERY clean. Remove all fruit that is spent. Try to gather drops (or spray the ground). Cull piles of fruit should be buried daily. 

How long does it take for fruit fly to develop?  Egg to larvae is usually 1-2 days but it can take as few 2 hours. Chilling fruit to almost 32 degrees may actually kill larvae, but temperatures around 40 degrees will only slow development.




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Upcoming Events

High Tech Precision Orchard Spraying

July 20, 2020

Join us the afternoon of July 20th to learn what's new in orchard precision spraying technology. We'll be joined by Dr. Jason Deveau, Dr. Heping Zhu, and Steve Booher.  After their presentations, we will open up the meeting for all three presenters to field questions and comments. 

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Announcements

U-Pick Farm Practices During Covid-19 Pandemic

U-Pick is a critical direct marketing approach for many of our farms and provides
customers with a unique connection to fresh produce grown close to home. In light
of what we understand about the spread of COVID-19, new management practices
will be needed to protect your farm team and your customers. This document
provides recommended practices and communication strategies for U-Pick
operations for the 2020 season.

https://rvpadmin.cce.cornell.edu/uploads/doc_864.pdf

Resources from CCE ENYCHP!

We are developing new ways to connect with the CCE ENYCHP team this year! We have a Youtube page located at this link. Check out videos on Table Grape Production, Pest Updates and the 20 Minute Ag Manager - in 4 Minutes series

We have a Facebook Page here as well as an Instagram page. We keep these places updated with current projects, events, and other interesting articles and deadlines.

There are also text alerts available. Fruit and vegetable farmers in 17 Eastern NY counties can now receive real time alerts on high risk disease and pest outbreaks texted directly to their cell phone. The Eastern NY Commercial Horticulture program, which is supported by local Cornell Cooperative Extension associations, will now offer text alerts to those that enroll in our program in 2019. 

The text alerts will be reserved for important crop alerts that could impact management decisions immediately. For instance, if there were an outbreak of Late Blight in the area, this would be transmitted to vegetable growers.

Farmers can choose the crop for which they wish to receive updates. Additionally they can request that Ag Business Alerts be sent to them. These alerts might include due dates for crop insurance deadlines, market opportunities etc.

If you have questions, please contact enychp@cornell.edu


Podcasts

2020 Biweekly Vegetable News Podcast - Episode 6 7/1/20

July 2, 2020
The July 1st, 2020 edition of the Eastern New York Vegetable News covers the following topics:

Cucurbit Downy Mildew Update (1:05)
Changes to the Paycheck Protection Program (9:10)
Managing Caterpillar Pests in Brassicas (12:53)
Strawberry Renovation (17:56)
Developing a Safety Plan to Comply with NY Forward Phased Re-Opening Requirements (24:12)

Here are links to additional resources mentioned in the episode:

NY Forward Safety Plans
Introductory “how to” video for writing your plan:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V2PH3wCgdhc&feature=youtu.be

Cornell Agricultural Workforce Development NY Forward business safety plan support for farms
https://agworkforce.cals.cornell.edu/ny-forward-business-safety-plan/
• Plan templates
• Guidance and considerations for plan writing
• Links to “how to” videos
• Links to additional resources such as log templates, hand washing station plans, and more
• Webinar recordings

NYS Department of Agriculture and Markets novel coronavirus page: Guidance documents for farm businesses in multiple languages
https://agriculture.ny.gov/coronavirus

Strawberry Renovation
For more in-depth information re: strawberry renovation, visit http://www.hort.cornell.edu/fruit/nybn/newslettpdfs/2014/nybn1306.pdf.

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